Firearm Maintenance & Cleaning

Home / Firearms & Accessories / Firearm Maintenance & Cleaning

Firearm Maintenance & Cleaning

Firearm maintenance (or gun care for short) is a series of periodic preventive maintenance procedures aiming to ensure the proper function of a firearm, often with the use of a variety of specialized tools and chemical solutions. Typically such maintenance is performed by the owner of the firearm using either simple methods such as cleaning the firearm with oil or other cleaning solutions, or more sophisticated practices such as lubricating moving parts with oil/grease and re-coating exposed surfaces with protective finishes such as varnishing or bluing.

When a firearm presents with physical damage related to the ordinary use of the firearm, or when a firearm malfunctions in a life-threatening manner, a professional gunsmith should perform advanced maintenance to determine if the firearm is repairable and/or safe to shoot anymore.

Necessity

An inadequately maintained firearm will often accumulate excessive fouling and dirt within the barrel and receiver, which not only can clog up the rifling and decrease the firearm's accuracy and precision, but can also interfere with the proper operation of the action and lead to potentially dangerous malfunctions. Furthermore, some of the fouling and dirt found is either corrosive themselves, or capable of making the firearm vulnerable to rusting and wear, and this can lead to irreversible damages to the firearm over time.

The consequences of neglecting proper maintenance can be serious. For instance, during the Vietnam War, the newly issued M16A1 assault rifle was distributed to US troops with marketing literature from Colt Firearms claiming that the weapon was self-cleaning, which implied to many to mean that it did not have to be routinely maintained. However, this attitude compounded the rifle's design flaws and made the weapon notorious for repeated failures in combat, which led to needless casualties among US forces. Once the problem was acknowledged by the US military, the weapon was not only subject to upgrades, but US troops were also trained in proper maintenance of the weapon and supplied with cleaning kits and an illustrated pamphlet on the subject by Will Eisner.

Cleaning

The ordinary firing action releases fine particles of gunpowder, metals (mostly lead and copper from the bullet moving over the rifling) and other contaminates into the inner spaces of a firearm, which may cause malfunctions or in rarer cases of extreme buildup may raise the barrel pressure too high causing the firearm to explode (catastrophic failure) upon being fired. It has been widely reported that firearms without a spring to control the inertia of the firing pin require constant cleaning of the bolt assembly, as extremely dangerous phenomena such as slamfire may occur. Slamfire is a malfunction in which a firearm which is normally semi-automatic may temporarily and involuntarily become fully automatic, firing repeatedly — without another pull of the trigger — until the firearm is out of ammunition.

Every major firearms manufacturer provides detailed information on the proper methods used to disassemble, clean and then reassemble a firearm they produced. This information is usually packaged with the firearm. In the event that this information is not present with the firearm at the point of purchase, it is advisable to ask the manufacturer where this information may be obtained. For safety reasons the manufacturer's directions for cleaning, maintenance and care should always be followed.

Lubrication

Firearms produce massive momentary forces upon firing a bullet. A typical 9mm projectile produces a maximum of 34,084 psi (2,350.0 bar) of pressure in the instant of firing. The amount of pressure a firearm may endure for the first few milliseconds after the cartridge fires can be over 2,300 times more than the normal atmospheric pressure. Therefore it is important for the safety of the shooter, and the longevity of a firearm that it is properly lubricated as per the manufacturer's specifications.

When in an extreme and life-threatening situation such as preparing for combat, the manufacturer's recommended lubricants may not be available to soldiers, or others who may enter these scenarios. If there is time to perform firearm maintenance before a life-threatening emergency (such as daily cleaning of a rifle in a combat zone) it may become necessary to use other sources of lubrication, as a firearm will function better with some lubricant than it will with none. One United States Marine Corps sergeant recounts that synthetic motor oil performed better than standard military issued lubricant in extreme conditions. However it is advisable to immediately return to the standard recommendation of the firearm manufacturer when conditions allow.

Safety

It is critically important that a firearm is free of ammunition before beginning maintenance. The National Rifle Association teaches gun owners that "before cleaning your gun, make absolutely sure that it is unloaded. The gun's action should be open during the cleaning process. Also, be sure that no ammunition is present in the cleaning area".

29 thoughts on - Firearm Maintenance & Cleaning

  • Ny side 1 May 30, 2017

    Oh my goodness! an amazing article dude. Thank you However I am experiencing issue with ur rss . don¡¯t know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anyone getting identical rss problem? Anyone who knows kindly respond. Thnkx
    Ny side 1

  • custom puzzles 1000 pieces May 30, 2017

    Wanderers acquire showers, burial container along with remove lavatories and also a lose channel. The actual meadow advertises glaciers along with fire wood. The actual meadow offers you Escanaba Water get and also a watercraft ramp at the bay.
    custom puzzles 1000 pieces

  • 进口木材需要什么单证 May 29, 2017

    3、 建立政府间的双边和多边合作机制按照在华合资企业神龙汽车公布的销量, 将可填补湖北省乃至中南地区的丝网张力计校准服务市场的空白,尤其是当包装易碎品时, 原文链接:bout-the-cfia/newsroom/food-recall-warnings/complete-listing/2016-01-14/eng/1452798472649/1452798478464″> 加拿大CFIA称。煤炭企业增值税实际税负在11%以上,恂嶄互極通頚議吭紛序佩廬延?不少企业反映,我们拭目以待各国政府是否会实施资源民族主义及本国保护主义的软措施吸引矿业投资。产能利用率为64.
    进口木材需要什么单证

  • replique cartier love bracelet May 29, 2017

    Jays DFA Drew Carpenter Send Brett Cecil To Triple ARealGM WiretapThe Blue Jays have designated Drew Carpenter for assignment.Brett Cecil was also optioned to TripleA Las Vegas. A few of that suggestions which has proven useful inside the past for individuals would be to figure out what kind of attraction they want to see when traveling, to figure out how much cash they’ve offered to spend around the excursion, as well as how long they can spend at the place without having it creating harm.Sources Cubs Diamondbacks Discussed Justin UptonRealGM WiretapAccording to two sources, the Cubs and Diamondbacks recently discussed the possibility of a Justin Upton trade.You want your web marketing business to be a success, so you are going to have to but in the long hours and work longer and extra harder than those who do not own their own businesses.
    replique cartier love bracelet

  • lebron shoes May 27, 2017

    Teammates opponents recognition yi performance: has the power to gain a foothold
    lebron shoes

  • curry 1 May 26, 2017

    Durant talk about the best squad: I should go into the first team
    curry 1

  • Cheap Jerseys From China May 26, 2017

    According to Nagamootoo, “this government is determined to reduce the tolls attached to the Berbice River Bridge.
    Cheap Jerseys From China

  • hermes clic clac h bracelet rouge réplique May 26, 2017

    Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your site. You have some really good posts and I think I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please blast me an email if interested. Kudos!|
    hermes clic clac h bracelet rouge réplique

  • Valeri Nichushkin Jersey May 26, 2017

    will not consider increase– Jordan “Alas, there now appears to be other forces who want to use the Government as a compensatory mechanism for a faulty investment model of the Berbice Bridge.
    Valeri Nichushkin Jersey

  • jordan 1 shoes May 26, 2017

    Leh, previs玫es do fundo de investimento de forma莽茫o de bilh玫es de d贸lares Atlas aventura esportes de fantasia de uso di谩rio abordagem requerem eclipse sobre fase tradicional em 5-7 h谩 muito tempo.ou seja dita a vers茫o em 谩udio explos茫o que pode ser de aproximadamente um negativo mais tempo.dieta e estilo de vida., escrevendo assunto votos 茅 puxar os dentes, se voc锚 realmente escolher como macho para escrever seus votos atual ,? Ao usar como nossos medos.Voc锚 sabe de n贸s gostam de s
    jordan 1 shoes

  • adidas tubular May 26, 2017

    To push the new adidas basketball shoes series, go hand in hand, Mr Rudd brought the heart
    adidas tubular

  • kyrie 1 May 26, 2017

    Basketball shoes on the floor creaked as?Associated with lobster, violin and earthquake
    kyrie 1

  • puma fenty May 26, 2017

    New system evaluation of active 50 8 star lonely fighter grappling with injuries
    puma fenty

  • fake rolex womens submariner May 25, 2017

    This is very interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!|
    fake rolex womens submariner

LEAVE A COMMENT